Alertas epidemiológicas

Gripe en España

Alertas ecdc

  • Malaria - Spain

On 1 March 2018, Spanish news media quoting local health authorities in Madrid notified a confirmed case of malaria in a three-month-old baby girl. The baby has no travel history to malaria-endemic countries and had been admitted to the hospital several weeks earlier because of another health condition. Authorities are carrying out epidemiological investigations in order to identify the source of the infection.

  • Influenza – Multistate (Europe) – Monitoring season 2017 – 2018

During week 9/2018 (26 February–4 March 2018), the majority of reporting countries experienced low or medium intensity of respiratory infections activity. The majority of countries reported widespread detections of laboratory-confirmed influenza cases.

  • Listeria monocytogenes clusters - Europe – 2018

On 3 November 2017, Finland posted an urgent inquiry on EPIS-FWD, describing a cluster of L. monocytogenes PCR serogroup IVb, MLST ST6, confirmed by WGS (in-house cgMLST scheme), with 13 cases detected in different parts of Finland between January 2016 and September 2017. As of 6 March 2018, this outbreak has been associated with 32 cases identified between December 2015 and February 2018. Since the ECDC rapid risk assessment published on 6 December 2017, new confirmed cases were reported in Denmark (2), Finland (2), Sweden (1) and the United Kingdom (2). A previously reported case from Finland was excluded because it did not meet the criteria used by the European outbreak case definition.

  • Measles – Multistate (EU) – Monitoring European outbreaks

Measles outbreaks continue to occur in a number of EU/EEA countries with a risk of spread and sustained transmission in areas with susceptible populations. Opening date: 9 February 2011 Latest update: 9 March 2018 ÎUpdate of the week Updates are provided for 19 EU/EFTA countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Croatia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Norway, Poland, Romania, Spain, Switzerland, and UK. In 2018, and as of 7 March, most of the cases have been reported from Greece (1 008), Romania (757), France (429) and Italy (164). Relevant updates outside EU/EEA countries are provided for Belarus, Georgia, Macedonia, Moldova, Serbia, and Ukraine, and for countries with ongoing or upcoming mass gathering events such as the Winter Olympics/Paralympics in South Korea and FIFA 2018 in Russia.

  • Rubella – Multistate (EU) – Monitoring European outbreaks

Rubella, caused by the rubella virus and commonly known as German measles, is usually a mild and self-limiting disease which often passes unnoticed. The main reason for immunising against rubella is the high risk of congenital malformations associated with rubella infection during pregnancy. All EU Member States recommend vaccination against rubella with at least two doses of vaccine for both boys and girls. The vaccine is given at the same intervals as the measles vaccine as part of the MMR vaccine. No new outbreaks have been detected in the EU since March 2017. ECDC reports global outbreaks of rubella in the CDTR on a monthly basis or if there is a critical event.

  • Listeriosis - South Africa - 2017 – 2018

Since 1 January 2017 and as of 3 March 2018, 948 laboratory-confirmed listeria cases have been detected in South Africa. Outcome at the end of hospitalisation is known for 659/948 (70%) patients, and 180/659 (27%) patients are known to have died. On 4 March 2018, the South African National Department of Health declared that the vehicle of infection and the point of contamination had been identified at a food manufacturer in the north of the country. A recall of the possibly contaminated products will affect the manufacturers’ entire distribution networks, both domestic and international. The South African Department of Health also advised the public to avoid all processed meat products that are sold as ready-to-eat.

  • Yellow fever – Brazil – 2017 – 2018

Since the previous CDTR on 2 March 2018 and as of 6 March, Brazil has reported 123 cases and 23 deaths. The cases occurred in São Paolo (42), Minas Gerais (70), Rio de Janeiro (10) and Espirito Santo (1) states. During the same time period, Brazil has reported confirmed epizootics in non-human primates in São Paulo State (17) and Rio de Janeiro State (7). As of 5 March, according to media quoting the Ministry of Health, Chile reported four cases of yellow fever in travellers to Brazil.

El ECDC muestra que la incidencia del sarampión es desigual en las regiones de los países europeos y crece entre los adultos jóvenes y profesionales sanitarios.

En Europa, el sarampión ha batido records en 2017, pero este 2018 no comienza nada bien, con nuevos brotes en Francia y Portugal.